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Careers in Cybersecurity: What Women Need To Know

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Posted by Mary Beth Erskine on Oct 23, 2014 7:40:00 AM

If you’re a woman interested in earning a cybersecurity master’s degree, your career opportunities are virtually limitless. Here are some tips for success.

Saint-Leo-University-OnlineDo you know what the deputy undersecretary for cybersecurity at the Department of Homeland Security and the information security risk manager at Facebook have in common?

Both are among the few women in top U.S. cybersecurity positions.

Cybersecurity is a critical issue facing the United States today and demand for qualified cybersecurity professionals is greater than ever. That’s why Saint Leo recently launched a new master’s cybersecurity degree program, which will be available totally online in March 2015: to meet this urgent need.

Despite the cybersecurity field’s unprecedented growth, the simple fact is women represent just 11 percent of the information security profession.

While cybersecurity postings are growing twice as fast as IT jobs overall, the profession as a whole has been slow in tapping into the pool of talent represented by women.


An “opportunistic time” for women

Saint Leo University’s assistant professor of computer science Audrey Gendreau acknowledges the underrepresentation of women in the cybersecurity field. Today, the cybersecurity class she teaches has only one female student.

Saint-Leo-University-Online“There’s only one woman in my entire class of 30 students,” she says. “I think what’s driving interest in computing is video games and hacking – breaking into things – and that appeals to men. Women tend to be more interested in creating and building.”    

Gendreau was working as a seismologist in the petroleum industry when she began dabbling in computing.

“I started learning how to create static maps. It was so much fun; I fell in love with it,” she says. “I wanted to learn more about computers, so I pursued classes while I continued to work.” 

That passion led Gendreau to a master’s degree in computer science and a 12-year career as a programmer in the private sector. In 2014, she added a Ph.D. to her resume, as well as an NSA graduate certificate in information system security. Her mentor, Saint Leo professor Michael Moorman, encouraged her to pursue the field of cybersecurity.

“It’s a very opportunistic time because not very many women are in it,” she says. ”I’ve been told by security experts in the Department of Defense that they need a woman’s perspective for a well-rounded team.”


Why so few women?

Raising awareness about the importance and nature of cybersecurity is the goal of Women in Cybersecurity (WiCyS), an online community for women in the field. Through networking and activities, the group works to generate interest among students and professionals to consider cybersecurity as a viable and promising career option.

Women are half of the U.S. workforce and represent an excellent resource for filling and diversifying our current and future needs for the cybersecurity workforce,” the organization says.

WiCyS attributes several factors to the significant underrepresentation of minorities, especially women, in cybersecurity:

  • Stereotypical notions

  • Lack of social support

  • Lack of confidence in women

  • Lack of exposure to role models

  • Lack of integrated efforts to recruit women

  • Lack of opportunity to connect with mentors

  • Lack of knowledge about the field of cybersecurity

  • Lack of directed effort to eliminate unconscious bias

  • Lack of awareness of professional development resources

  • Lack of awareness of opportunities in cybersecurity related occupations, education and research


The need for both male and female perspectives

Felice Flake is a student in Saint Leo’s new Master of Cybersecurity degree program and understands the challenges faced by women in the IT field.

Saint-Leo-University-OnlineFlake worked in corporate training and management where her technology-specific role was focused more on proprietary software programs. For several years she was a Microsoft educator in the private sector before signing on with a government agency, where she worked with distributed learning technologies. Eventually she was tapped to manage the program.

“That took things to another level,” she says, adding that she needed to prove herself in the male-dominated arena.

I needed to show my commitment level was there, even sitting on the floor and taking apart a CPU. I needed to stand my ground when I was right, or admit when I didn’t know something.”

Flake, who also holds an undergraduate degree in criminal justice with a specialization in homeland security from Saint Leo University, believes it’s important for men and women to acknowledge and respect one another’s expertise and professionalism, and realize that both bring value to the table.

“Men cut across emotions; they have a completely different way to communicate and handle conflict,” she says. “Women add a different perspective; they clue into the emotional piece.”

That emotional awareness could be an important factor when anticipating the next move of an email hacker.

Flake, who hopes to be an assistant vice president or vice president in an IT security or government security role, believes working together should happen early on. “Let’s not say ‘girls in technology,’ let’s say ‘kids in IT;’ let’s get them working together when they are young, when they are 12 or 13.”  

And she believes providing outreach and encouragement to young women and girls to embrace their interest in STEM careers is critical.


Tips for women entering the field

For women considering a future in cybersecurity, Gendreau and Flake offer sage advice:

  • Brush up on your communication skills. You have to be able to state your argument, e-mail, take notes and keep up with technical updates.

  • Push yourself to learn; there are so many free tools available.

  • Always be working on something – configure a server, have a lab at home.

  • Get as much hands-on experience as possible.

  • Dig deep. A good cybersecurity professional needs to know everything because the bad guys know everything and more.

Now is the time, according to Flake.

“The Wild Wild West of the Internet is what we’re facing,” she says. “Opportunity is everywhere.”


National Cyber Security Awareness Month

Saint-Leo-UniversityThis post is one in a series in recognition of National Cyber Security Awareness Month. Since 2004, the Department of Homeland Defense and the National Cyber Security Alliance have designated October as National Cyber Security Awareness Month. For more information, visit StaySafeOnline.org.


Image Credit: Ollyy on Shutterstock

Other posts you may be interested in reading:

For The Best Cybersecurity Jobs, Don’t Overlook Certification

Your Career In Cybersecurity

What Sets Saint Leo’s Cybersecurity Program Apart?

5 Reasons SLU’s Cybersecurity Program Is Right For You

Ethical Hacking: Do You Have What It Takes?

Downlod Your Career In Cybersecurity

Topics: Cybersecurity

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